As we continue the vision of chapters 10 and 11, chapter 12 gives the dramatic ending. One of the laws of highly effective people is to start with the end in mind. If ever there was a time to keep the end in mind, it is now. God wanted Daniel to have the end of the “thing” (great conflict) to be blazed into his mind and ours.
1. Daniel 12:1 says “at that time” – what time is this describing? (refer to Daniel 11)
2. Read Daniel 12:1-4. List all the things that Michael does in those verses.
3. Who is Michael referring too?
4. How do you explain Jude 9, in light of who Michael is?
Note: Here is what the Mathew Henry Commentary says –
1-4 Michael signifies, “Who is like God,” and his name, with the title of “the great Prince,” points out the Divine Saviour. Christ stood for the children of our people in their stead as a sacrifice, bore the curse for them, to bear it from them. He stands for them in pleading for them at the throne of grace. And after the destruction of antichrist, the Lord Jesus shall stand at the latter day upon the earth; and He shall appear for the complete redemption of all his people. When God works deliverance from persecution for them, it is as life from the dead. When his gospel is preached, many who sleep in the dust, both Jews and Gentiles, shall be awakened by it out of their heathenism of Judaism. And in the end the multitude that sleep in the dust shall awake; many shall arise to life, and many to shame. There is glory reserved for all the saints in the future state, for all that are wise, wise for their souls and eternity. Those who turn many to righteousness, who turn sinners from the errors of their ways, and help to save their souls from death, Jas 5:20, will share in the glory of those they have helped to heaven, which will add to their own glory.
5. What does it mean to you that Jesus “stands watch over His people”?
6. There is a time of trouble coming, such as never was….according to verse 1. What did Jesus say about it in Matthew 24:21? What do you think it will be like? How do you feel about it? What are you doing to prepare for it?
7. What is the outcome of the time of trouble? Daniel 12:1
8. How does one get their name written in the book? 12:1, Rev. 20:12,15
9. How did Jesus explain Daniel 12:2? John 5:28,29
10. What is it the the wise do? 12:3 The word wise in Hebrew is “understand”. Are you doing that work? Write the verse in the negative and contemplate what it means.
11. What does it mean to “turn many to righteousness”? What do we call that today?
12. What does it mean that Daniel was supposed to seal the book?
13. What knowledge would be increased at the time of the end? 12:4
14. Read 12:5-8. Who is the man in linen? What was his message?
15. What time period is described in verse 7? Why did he emphasize this time period?
16. How did Daniel respond to the description in verse 7?
17. What is the process that is happening to those who follow God and those who don’t? Daniel 12:10. What is happening to you?
18. What explanation did Daniel get about the time that he didn’t understand in verse 7? What two periods of time are mentioned? 12:11.
Note: The interpretation of the 1,290 days and 1,335 days of Daniel 12: 11, 12 as 1,290 years and 1,335 years respectively can be found already among the Jewish expositors of the eighth century A.D. This interpretation, based on the year-day principle (see Num 14:34; Ezek 4:6, 7), continued to be advocated by the followers of Joachim of Floris (1130-1202), as well as by several other expositors during the pre-Reformation, the Reformation, and the subsequent Protestant tradition.
William Miller (1782-1849), on his turn, believed (1) that both the 1,290 years and the 1,335 years had began in A.D. 508, with Clovis’s victory over the Arian Visigoths, which was a decisive step in uniting both political and ecclesiastic powers for Medieval Catholicism to be able to punish the “heretics”; (2) that the 1,290 years were fulfilled in 1798, with the imprisonment of Pope Pius VI by the French army; and (3) that the 1,335 years would extend for 45 years more, until the end of the 2300 years of Daniel 8:14 in 1843/1844. This interpretation was kept by early Sabbatarian Adventists,  becoming the historical position of the Seventh-day Adventist Churchup to our own days. SDA Biblical Research Institute.
19. What is the blessing to the one who waits? 12:12 How hard is it to wait?
20. What, from this chapter, encourages you to face the time of trouble ahead?
21. What do these verses reveal to you about what lies ahead?
Joel 2:1,15-17, 12,13
2 Peter 1:19